SwiftyAlgebra

master

koher/SwiftyAlgebra

Swifty Algebra

A Swift playground for Abstract Algebra. This project is intended to understand Algebra by implementing abstract concepts and playing with concrete objects such as Numbers, Matrices, Polynomials, etc.

How to Build / Run

Open SwiftyAlgebra.xcworkspace and press โ–ถ๏ธ to build the framework. You can run the playgrounds under the project. ย 

ss2.png

Using Mathematical Symbols

We make use of mathematical symbols such as sets ๐™, ๐, ๐‘, ๐‚ and operators โŠ•, โŠ— etc. Copy the folder CodeSnippets to ~/Library/Xcode/UserData/ then you can quickly input these symbols by the completion of Xcode.

ss3.png

Examples

Rational Numbers

let a = ๐(4, 5)  // 4/5
let b = ๐(3, 2)  // 3/2

a + b  // 23/10
a * b  // 6/5
b / a  // 15/8

Matrices (type safe)

typealias M = Matrix<_2, _2, ๐™> // Matrix of integers with fixed size 2ร—2.

let a = M(1, 2, 3, 4)  // [1, 2; 3, 4]
let b = M(2, 1, 1, 2)  // [2, 1; 1, 2]

a + b  // [3, 3; 4, 6]
a * b  // [4, 5; 10, 11]

a + b == b + a  // true: addition is commutative
a * b == b * a  // false: multiplication is noncommutative

Permutation (Symmetric Group)

typealias S_5 = Permutation<_5>

let s = S_5(cyclic: 0, 1, 2) // cyclic notation
let t = S_5([0: 2, 1: 3, 2: 4, 3: 0, 4: 1]) // two-line notation

s[1]  // 2
t[2]  // 4

(s * t)[3]  // 3 -> 0 -> 1
(t * s)[3]  // 3 -> 3 -> 0

Polynomials

typealias P = Polynominal<๐>

let f = P(0, 2, -3, 1) // x^3 โˆ’ 3x^2 + 2x
let g = P(6, -5, 1)    // x^2 โˆ’ 5x + 6
    
f + g  // x^3 - 2x^2 - 3x + 6
f * g  // x^5 - 8x^4 + 23x^3 - 28x^2 + 12x
f % g  // 6x - 12
    
gcd(f, g) // 6x - 12

Integer Quotients, Finite Fields

typealias Z_4 = IntegerQuotientRing<_4>
Z_4.printAddTable()
+	|	0	1	2	3
----------------------
0	|	0	1	2	3
1	|	1	2	3	0
2	|	2	3	0	1
3	|	3	0	1	2
typealias F_5 = IntegerQuotientField<_5>
F_5.printMulTable()
*	|	0	1	2	3	4
--------------------------
0	|	0	0	0	0	0
1	|	0	1	2	3	4
2	|	0	2	4	1	3
3	|	0	3	1	4	2
4	|	0	4	3	2	1

Algebraic Extension

// Construct an algebraic extension over ๐:
// K = ๐(โˆš2) = ๐[x]/(x^2 - 2).

struct p: _Polynomial {                            // p = x^2 - 2, as a struct
    typealias K = ๐
    static let value = Polynomial<๐>(-2, 0, 1)
}

typealias I = PolynomialIdeal<p>                   // I = (x^2 - 2)
typealias K = QuotientField<Polynomial<๐>, I>      // K = ๐[x]/I

let a = Polynomial<๐>(0, 1).asQuotient(in: K.self) // a = x mod I
a * a == 2                                         // true!

Homology, Cohomology

let S2 = SimplicialComplex.sphere(dim: 2)
let H = Homology(S2, ๐™.self)
print("H(S^2; ๐™) =", H.detailDescription, "\n")
H(S^2; ๐™) = {
  0 : ๐™,    [(v1)],
  1 : 0,    [],
  2 : ๐™,    [-1(v0, v2, v3) + -1(v0, v1, v2) + (v1, v2, v3) + (v0, v1, v3)]
}
let RP2 = SimplicialComplex.realProjectiveSpace(dim: 2)
let H = Homology(RP2, ๐™โ‚‚.self)
print("H(RP^2; ๐™โ‚‚) =", H.detailDescription, "\n")
H(RP^2; ๐™โ‚‚) = {
  0 : ๐™โ‚‚,    [(v1)],
  1 : ๐™โ‚‚,    [(v0, v1) + (v1, v2) + (v0, v3) + (v2, v3)],
  2 : ๐™โ‚‚,    [(v0, v2, v3) + (v3, v4, v5) + (v2, v3, v5) + (v1, v2, v5) + (v0, v4, v5) + (v1, v3, v4) + (v0, v1, v5) + (v1, v2, v4) + (v0, v2, v4) + (v0, v1, v3)]
}

References

  1. Swift ใงไปฃๆ•ฐๅญฆๅ…ฅ้–€
  2. Swift ใงๆ•ฐๅญฆใฎใ‚นใ‚นใƒก

License

Swifty Algebra is licensed under CC0 1.0 Universal.

Description

  • Swift Tools 4.0.0
View More Packages from this Author

Dependencies

  • None
Last updated: Tue Nov 08 2022 07:14:26 GMT-0500 (GMT-05:00)