☁️ Simple CloudKit sync for Codable Swift models

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Full Changelog: 0.1.3...0.1.4

☁️ Cirrus

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Cirrus provides simple CloudKit sync for Codable Swift models. Rather than support every CloudKit feature, Cirrus is opinionated and prioritizes simplicity, reliability, and ergonomics with Swift value types.

Main Features
🙅 No more dealing with CKRecord, CKOperation, or CKSubscription
👀 Observe models and iCloud account changes with Combine
📲 Automatic CloudKit push notification subscriptions
🚀 Clean architecture with concise but powerful API
🎁 Self-contained, no external dependencies


After installing and following Apple's steps for Enabling CloudKit in Your App:

  1. Register your app for remote CloudKit push notifications
// AppDelegate.swift
func application(
  _ application: UIApplication,
  didFinishLaunchingWithOptions launchOptions: [UIApplication.LaunchOptionsKey: Any]?
) -> Bool {
  1. Conform your model(s) to CloudKitCodable
import CloudKitCodable

struct Landmark: CloudKitCodable {
  struct Coordinate: Codable {
    let latitude: Double
    let longitude: Double

  let identifier: UUID
  let name: String
  let coordinate: Coordinate

  // MARK: - CloudKitCodable

  /// A key that uniquely identifies the model. Use this identifier to update your 
  /// associated local models when the sync engine emits changes.
  var cloudKitIdentifier: CloudKitIdentifier {
    return identifier.uuidString

  /// Managed by the sync engine, this should be set to nil when creating a new model.
  /// Be sure to save this when persisting models locally.
  var cloudKitSystemFields: Data? = nil

  /// Describes how to handle conflicts between client and server models.
  public static func resolveConflict(clientModel: Self, serverModel: Self) -> Self? {

    // Use `cloudKitLastModifiedDate` to check when models were last saved to the server
    guard let clientDate = clientModel.cloudKitLastModifiedDate,
      let serverDate = serverModel.cloudKitLastModifiedDate else {
      return clientModel
    return clientDate > serverDate ? clientModel : serverModel
  1. Initialize a SyncEngine for the model
import Cirrus

let syncEngine = SyncEngine<Landmark>()
  1. Configure the SyncEngine to process remote changes
// AppDelegate.swift
func application(
  _ application: UIApplication, didReceiveRemoteNotification userInfo: [AnyHashable: Any]
) {
  syncEngine.processRemoteChangeNotification(with: userInfo)
  1. Start syncing
// Upload new or updated models

// Delete models

// Observe remote model changes
  .sink { change in
    // Update local models
    switch change {
    case let .updated(models):
    case let .deleted(modelIDs):

// Observe iCloud account status changes
  .sink { accountStatus in
    switch accountStatus {
      case .available:
      case .noAccount:

And that's it! Cirrus supports syncing multiple model types too, just initialize and configure a new SyncEngine for every type you want to sync.

To see an example of how Cirrus can be integrated into an app, clone this repository and open the CirrusExample Xcode project.


You can add Cirrus to an Xcode project by adding it as a package dependency.

  1. From the File menu, select Swift Packages › Add Package Dependency…
  2. Enter "" into the package repository URL text field
  3. Depending on how your project is structured:
    • If you have a single application target that needs access to the library, add both Cirrus and CloudKitCodable directly to your application.
    • If you have multiple targets where your models are in one target but you would like to handle syncing with Cirrus in another, then add CloudKitCodable to your model target and Cirrus to your syncing target.


Cirrus only supports private iCloud databases. If you need to store data in a public iCloud database, Cirrus is not the right tool for you.

Nested Codable types on CloudKitCodable models will not be stored as separate CKRecord references; they are saved as Data blobs on the top level CKRecord. This leads to two important caveats:

  1. CKRecord has a 1 MB data limit, so large models may not fit within a single record. The SyncEngine will not attempt to sync any models that are larger than 1 MB. If you are hitting this limitation, consider normalizing your data by creating discrete CloudKitCodable models that have identifier references to each other. You can use multiple SyncEngines to sync each model type.
  2. If any child models have properties that reference on-disk file URLs, they will not be converted into CKAssets and stored in CloudKit. If you have a need to store files that are referenced by local file URLs on child models, you can override the Encodable encode(to:) and Decodable init(from:) methods on your model to set the file URLs as keys on the coding container of the top level CloudKitCodable type. The SyncEngine will then be able to sync your files to iCloud.


This library is released under the MIT license. See LICENSE for details.

🙌 Special Thanks

Thanks to Tim Bueno for helping to build Cirrus.


  • Swift Tools 5.1.0
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Last updated: Sun Nov 13 2022 09:47:25 GMT-0500 (GMT-05:00)