async-http-client

1.21.2

HTTP client library built on SwiftNIO
swift-server/async-http-client

What's New

AsyncHTTPClient 1.21.2

2024-06-17T14:11:23Z

SemVer Patch

  • Increase decompression limit ratio of HTTPClient.shared 10 -> 25 (#740, patch credit to @MahdiBM)

Other Changes

AsyncHTTPClient

This package provides an HTTP Client library built on top of SwiftNIO.

This library provides the following:

  • First class support for Swift Concurrency
  • Asynchronous and non-blocking request methods
  • Simple follow-redirects (cookie headers are dropped)
  • Streaming body download
  • TLS support
  • Automatic HTTP/2 over HTTPS
  • Cookie parsing (but not storage)

Getting Started

Adding the dependency

Add the following entry in your Package.swift to start using HTTPClient:

.package(url: "https://github.com/swift-server/async-http-client.git", from: "1.9.0")

and AsyncHTTPClient dependency to your target:

.target(name: "MyApp", dependencies: [.product(name: "AsyncHTTPClient", package: "async-http-client")]),

Request-Response API

The code snippet below illustrates how to make a simple GET request to a remote server.

import AsyncHTTPClient

/// MARK: - Using Swift Concurrency
let request = HTTPClientRequest(url: "https://apple.com/")
let response = try await HTTPClient.shared.execute(request, timeout: .seconds(30))
print("HTTP head", response)
if response.status == .ok {
    let body = try await response.body.collect(upTo: 1024 * 1024) // 1 MB
    // handle body
} else {
    // handle remote error
}


/// MARK: - Using SwiftNIO EventLoopFuture
HTTPClient.shared.get(url: "https://apple.com/").whenComplete { result in
    switch result {
    case .failure(let error):
        // process error
    case .success(let response):
        if response.status == .ok {
            // handle response
        } else {
            // handle remote error
        }
    }
}

If you create your own HTTPClient instances, you should shut them down using httpClient.shutdown() when you're done using them. Failing to do so will leak resources. Please note that you must not call httpClient.shutdown before all requests of the HTTP client have finished, or else the in-flight requests will likely fail because their network connections are interrupted.

async/await examples

Examples for the async/await API can be found in the Examples folder in this Repository.

Usage guide

The default HTTP Method is GET. In case you need to have more control over the method, or you want to add headers or body, use the HTTPClientRequest struct:

Using Swift Concurrency

import AsyncHTTPClient

do {
    var request = HTTPClientRequest(url: "https://apple.com/")
    request.method = .POST
    request.headers.add(name: "User-Agent", value: "Swift HTTPClient")
    request.body = .bytes(ByteBuffer(string: "some data"))

    let response = try await HTTPClient.shared.execute(request, timeout: .seconds(30))
    if response.status == .ok {
        // handle response
    } else {
        // handle remote error
    }
} catch {
    // handle error
}

Using SwiftNIO EventLoopFuture

import AsyncHTTPClient

var request = try HTTPClient.Request(url: "https://apple.com/", method: .POST)
request.headers.add(name: "User-Agent", value: "Swift HTTPClient")
request.body = .string("some-body")

HTTPClient.shared.execute(request: request).whenComplete { result in
    switch result {
    case .failure(let error):
        // process error
    case .success(let response):
        if response.status == .ok {
            // handle response
        } else {
            // handle remote error
        }
    }
}

Redirects following

The globally shared instance HTTPClient.shared follows redirects by default. If you create your own HTTPClient, you can enable the follow-redirects behavior using the client configuration:

let httpClient = HTTPClient(eventLoopGroupProvider: .singleton,
                            configuration: HTTPClient.Configuration(followRedirects: true))

Timeouts

Timeouts (connect and read) can also be set using the client configuration:

let timeout = HTTPClient.Configuration.Timeout(connect: .seconds(1), read: .seconds(1))
let httpClient = HTTPClient(eventLoopGroupProvider: .singleton,
                            configuration: HTTPClient.Configuration(timeout: timeout))

or on a per-request basis:

httpClient.execute(request: request, deadline: .now() + .milliseconds(1))

Streaming

When dealing with larger amount of data, it's critical to stream the response body instead of aggregating in-memory. The following example demonstrates how to count the number of bytes in a streaming response body:

Using Swift Concurrency

do {
    let request = HTTPClientRequest(url: "https://apple.com/")
    let response = try await HTTPClient.shared.execute(request, timeout: .seconds(30))
    print("HTTP head", response)

    // if defined, the content-length headers announces the size of the body
    let expectedBytes = response.headers.first(name: "content-length").flatMap(Int.init)

    var receivedBytes = 0
    // asynchronously iterates over all body fragments
    // this loop will automatically propagate backpressure correctly
    for try await buffer in response.body {
        // for this example, we are just interested in the size of the fragment
        receivedBytes += buffer.readableBytes

        if let expectedBytes = expectedBytes {
            // if the body size is known, we calculate a progress indicator
            let progress = Double(receivedBytes) / Double(expectedBytes)
            print("progress: \(Int(progress * 100))%")
        }
    }
    print("did receive \(receivedBytes) bytes")
} catch {
    print("request failed:", error)
}

Using HTTPClientResponseDelegate and SwiftNIO EventLoopFuture

import NIOCore
import NIOHTTP1

class CountingDelegate: HTTPClientResponseDelegate {
    typealias Response = Int

    var count = 0

    func didSendRequestHead(task: HTTPClient.Task<Response>, _ head: HTTPRequestHead) {
        // this is executed right after request head was sent, called once
    }

    func didSendRequestPart(task: HTTPClient.Task<Response>, _ part: IOData) {
        // this is executed when request body part is sent, could be called zero or more times
    }

    func didSendRequest(task: HTTPClient.Task<Response>) {
        // this is executed when request is fully sent, called once
    }

    func didReceiveHead(
        task: HTTPClient.Task<Response>,
        _ head: HTTPResponseHead
    ) -> EventLoopFuture<Void> {
        // this is executed when we receive HTTP response head part of the request
        // (it contains response code and headers), called once in case backpressure
        // is needed, all reads will be paused until returned future is resolved
        return task.eventLoop.makeSucceededFuture(())
    }

    func didReceiveBodyPart(
        task: HTTPClient.Task<Response>,
        _ buffer: ByteBuffer
    ) -> EventLoopFuture<Void> {
        // this is executed when we receive parts of the response body, could be called zero or more times
        count += buffer.readableBytes
        // in case backpressure is needed, all reads will be paused until returned future is resolved
        return task.eventLoop.makeSucceededFuture(())
    }

    func didFinishRequest(task: HTTPClient.Task<Response>) throws -> Int {
        // this is called when the request is fully read, called once
        // this is where you return a result or throw any errors you require to propagate to the client
        return count
    }

    func didReceiveError(task: HTTPClient.Task<Response>, _ error: Error) {
        // this is called when we receive any network-related error, called once
    }
}

let request = try HTTPClient.Request(url: "https://apple.com/")
let delegate = CountingDelegate()

HTTPClient.shared.execute(request: request, delegate: delegate).futureResult.whenSuccess { count in
    print(count)
}

File downloads

Based on the HTTPClientResponseDelegate example above you can build more complex delegates, the built-in FileDownloadDelegate is one of them. It allows streaming the downloaded data asynchronously, while reporting the download progress at the same time, like in the following example:

let request = try HTTPClient.Request(
    url: "https://swift.org/builds/development/ubuntu1804/latest-build.yml"
)

let delegate = try FileDownloadDelegate(path: "/tmp/latest-build.yml", reportProgress: {
    if let totalBytes = $0.totalBytes {
        print("Total bytes count: \(totalBytes)")
    }
    print("Downloaded \($0.receivedBytes) bytes so far")
})

HTTPClient.shared.execute(request: request, delegate: delegate).futureResult
    .whenSuccess { progress in
        if let totalBytes = progress.totalBytes {
            print("Final total bytes count: \(totalBytes)")
        }
        print("Downloaded finished with \(progress.receivedBytes) bytes downloaded")
    }

Unix Domain Socket Paths

Connecting to servers bound to socket paths is easy:

HTTPClient.shared.execute(
    .GET,
    socketPath: "/tmp/myServer.socket",
    urlPath: "/path/to/resource"
).whenComplete (...)

Connecting over TLS to a unix domain socket path is possible as well:

HTTPClient.shared.execute(
    .POST,
    secureSocketPath: "/tmp/myServer.socket",
    urlPath: "/path/to/resource",
    body: .string("hello")
).whenComplete (...)

Direct URLs can easily be constructed to be executed in other scenarios:

let socketPathBasedURL = URL(
    httpURLWithSocketPath: "/tmp/myServer.socket",
    uri: "/path/to/resource"
)
let secureSocketPathBasedURL = URL(
    httpsURLWithSocketPath: "/tmp/myServer.socket",
    uri: "/path/to/resource"
)

Disabling HTTP/2

The exclusive use of HTTP/1 is possible by setting httpVersion to .http1Only on HTTPClient.Configuration:

var configuration = HTTPClient.Configuration()
configuration.httpVersion = .http1Only
let client = HTTPClient(
    eventLoopGroupProvider: .singleton,
    configuration: configuration
)

Security

Please have a look at SECURITY.md for AsyncHTTPClient's security process.

Supported Versions

The most recent versions of AsyncHTTPClient support Swift 5.6 and newer. The minimum Swift version supported by AsyncHTTPClient releases are detailed below:

AsyncHTTPClient Minimum Swift Version
1.0.0 ..< 1.5.0 5.0
1.5.0 ..< 1.10.0 5.2
1.10.0 ..< 1.13.0 5.4
1.13.0 ..< 1.18.0 5.5.2
1.18.0 ..< 1.20.0 5.6
1.20.0 ..< 1.21.0 5.7
1.21.0 ... 5.8

Description

  • Swift Tools 5.8.0
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Dependencies

Last updated: Sat Jul 20 2024 00:41:02 GMT-0900 (Hawaii-Aleutian Daylight Time)