A type-safe, Swift-language layer over SQLite3.


Build Status CocoaPods Version Swift5 compatible Platform Carthage compatible Join the chat at https://gitter.im/stephencelis/SQLite.swift

A type-safe, Swift-language layer over SQLite3.

SQLite.swift provides compile-time confidence in SQL statement syntax and intent.


  • A pure-Swift interface
  • A type-safe, optional-aware SQL expression builder
  • A flexible, chainable, lazy-executing query layer
  • Automatically-typed data access
  • A lightweight, uncomplicated query and parameter binding interface
  • Developer-friendly error handling and debugging
  • Full-text search support
  • Well-documented
  • Extensively tested
  • SQLCipher support via CocoaPods
  • Active support at StackOverflow, and Gitter Chat Room (experimental)


import SQLite

let db = try Connection("path/to/db.sqlite3")

let users = Table("users")
let id = Expression<Int64>("id")
let name = Expression<String?>("name")
let email = Expression<String>("email")

try db.run(users.create { t in
    t.column(id, primaryKey: true)
    t.column(email, unique: true)
// CREATE TABLE "users" (
//     "name" TEXT,
//     "email" TEXT NOT NULL UNIQUE
// )

let insert = users.insert(name <- "Alice", email <- "alice@mac.com")
let rowid = try db.run(insert)
// INSERT INTO "users" ("name", "email") VALUES ('Alice', 'alice@mac.com')

for user in try db.prepare(users) {
    print("id: \(user[id]), name: \(user[name]), email: \(user[email])")
    // id: 1, name: Optional("Alice"), email: alice@mac.com
// SELECT * FROM "users"

let alice = users.filter(id == rowid)

try db.run(alice.update(email <- email.replace("mac.com", with: "me.com")))
// UPDATE "users" SET "email" = replace("email", 'mac.com', 'me.com')
// WHERE ("id" = 1)

try db.run(alice.delete())
// DELETE FROM "users" WHERE ("id" = 1)

try db.scalar(users.count) // 0
// SELECT count(*) FROM "users"

SQLite.swift also works as a lightweight, Swift-friendly wrapper over the C API.

let stmt = try db.prepare("INSERT INTO users (email) VALUES (?)")
for email in ["betty@icloud.com", "cathy@icloud.com"] {
    try stmt.run(email)

db.totalChanges    // 3
db.changes         // 1
db.lastInsertRowid // 3

for row in try db.prepare("SELECT id, email FROM users") {
    print("id: \(row[0]), email: \(row[1])")
    // id: Optional(2), email: Optional("betty@icloud.com")
    // id: Optional(3), email: Optional("cathy@icloud.com")

try db.scalar("SELECT count(*) FROM users") // 2

Read the documentation or explore more, interactively, from the Xcode project’s playground.

SQLite.playground Screen Shot

For a more comprehensive example, see this article and the companion repository.


Note: Version 0.12 requires Swift 5 (and Xcode 10.2) or greater. Version 0.11.6 requires Swift 4.2 (and Xcode 10.1) or greater.


Carthage is a simple, decentralized dependency manager for Cocoa. To install SQLite.swift with Carthage:

  1. Make sure Carthage is installed.

  2. Update your Cartfile to include the following:

    github "stephencelis/SQLite.swift" ~> 0.12.0
  3. Run carthage update and add the appropriate framework.


CocoaPods is a dependency manager for Cocoa projects. To install SQLite.swift with CocoaPods:

  1. Make sure CocoaPods is installed. (SQLite.swift requires version 1.6.1 or greater.)

    # Using the default Ruby install will require you to use sudo when
    # installing and updating gems.
    [sudo] gem install cocoapods
  2. Update your Podfile to include the following:

    target 'YourAppTargetName' do
        pod 'SQLite.swift', '~> 0.12.0'
  3. Run pod install --repo-update.

Swift Package Manager

The Swift Package Manager is a tool for managing the distribution of Swift code.

  1. Add the following to your Package.swift file:
dependencies: [
    .package(url: "https://github.com/stephencelis/SQLite.swift.git", from: "0.12.0")
  1. Build your project:
$ swift build


To install SQLite.swift as an Xcode sub-project:

  1. Drag the SQLite.xcodeproj file into your own project. (Submodule, clone, or download the project first.)

    Installation Screen Shot

  2. In your target’s General tab, click the + button under Linked Frameworks and Libraries.

  3. Select the appropriate SQLite.framework for your platform.

  4. Add.

Some additional steps are required to install the application on an actual device:

  1. In the General tab, click the + button under Embedded Binaries.

  2. Select the appropriate SQLite.framework for your platform.

  3. Add.


See the planning document for a roadmap and existing feature requests.

Read the contributing guidelines. The TL;DR (but please; R):



SQLite.swift is available under the MIT license. See the LICENSE file for more information.


These projects enhance or use SQLite.swift:


Looking for something else? Try another Swift wrapper (or FMDB):


  • Swift Tools 4.0.0


Last updated: Sun Jun 13 2021 16:25:55 GMT-0500 (GMT-05:00)