A paging view with a highly customizable menu ✨

What's New



Version 4.0 introduced a new and improved API for PageView in SwiftUI. Each page can now show define their own menu items, which can be any SwiftUI view. The new API also supports result builders, which allows you to easily setup your PageView.

PageView {
    Page("Title 1") {
        Text("Page 1")
    Page { _ in
        Image(systemName: "star.fill")
    } content: {
        Text("Page 2")


  • New API for PageView in SwiftUI #666
  • Updated minimum deployment target to iOS 11 #661
  • Constrain menu to safe area insets by default #668


  • Add support for custom SwiftUI styles for indicator views #684
  • Add horizontal right alignment support #658
  • Add missing color modifiers to PageView #675
  • Add new PagingIndexable protocol to allow comparison between items #678


  • Fix PageViewController isScrollingFrom delegate when overshooting #669
  • Fix didSelectItem delegate being called before actual selection #676
  • Fix setting PageView closures multiple times #677
  • Fix rotation and crash issues with calling layoutIfNeeded #680
  • Fix options not propagating changes when SwiftUI view is updated #697

Getting Started | Customization | Installation

Cities Example Unsplash Example Calendar Example


Parchment lets you page between view controllers while showing any type of generic indicator that scrolls along with the content. Here are some benefits of using Parchment:

  • Highly customizable
    The menu items are built using UICollectionView, which means you can display pretty much whatever you want. You can even subclass the layout to create completely custom behaviours.

  • Memory-efficient:
    Parchment only allocates view controllers when they’re needed, meaning if you have a lot of view controllers you don’t have to initialize them all up-front.

  • Infinite scrolling:
    Because view controllers are only allocated as you are scrolling, you can create data sources that are infinitely large. This is perfect for things like calendars.

Table of contents

Getting started

Using UIKit? Go to UIKit documentation.


Basic usage

Create a PageView instance with the pages you want to show. Each Page takes a title and a content view, which can be any SwiftUI view.

PageView {
    Page("Title 0") {
        Text("Page 0")
    Page("Title 1") {
        Text("Page 1")

By default, the menu items are displayed as titles, but you can also pass in any SwiftUI view as the menu item. The state parameter allows you to customize the menu item based on the selected state and scroll position of the view. For instance, you could show an icon that rotates based on its progress like this:

PageView {
    Page { state in
        Image(systemName: "star.fill")
            .rotationEffect(Angle(degrees: 90 * state.progress))
    } content: {
        Text("Page 1")

Dynamic pages

To create a PageView with a dynamic number of pages, you can pass in a collection of items where each item is mapped to a Page:

PageView(items, id: \.self) { item in
    Page("Title \(item)") {
        Text("Page \(item)")

Update selection

To select specific items, you can pass a binding into PageView with the index of the currently selected item. When updating the binding, Parchment will scroll to the new index.

@State var selectedIndex: Int = 0
PageView(selectedIndex: $selectedIndex) {
    Page("Title 1") {
        Button("Next") {
            selectedIndex = 1
    Page("Title 2") {
        Text("Page 2")


You can customize the PageView using the following modifiers. See Options for more details on each option.

PageView {
    Page("Title 1") {
        Text("Page 1")
.menuItemSize(.fixed(width: 100, height: 60))
.menuInsets(.vertical, 20)
.indicatorOptions(.visible(height: 4))
.borderOptions(.visible(height: 4))

Basic usage with UIKit

Parchment is built around the PagingViewController class. You can initialize it with an array of view controllers and it will display menu items for each view controller using their title property.

let firstViewController = UIViewController()
let secondViewController = UIViewController()

let pagingViewController = PagingViewController(viewControllers: [

See more: Basic usage

Data source

Initializing PagingViewController with an array of view controllers is fine in most cases, but if you have more than a few view controllers you probably don't want to allocate them all up-front. If you're going to display a fixed number of view controllers, you can setup your own data source by implementing PagingViewControllerDataSource:

extension ViewController: PagingViewControllerDataSource {
    func numberOfViewControllers(in pagingViewController: PagingViewController) -> Int {
        return 10

    func pagingViewController(_ pagingViewController: PagingViewController, viewControllerAt index: Int) -> UIViewController {
        return ChildViewController(index: index)

    func pagingViewController(_: PagingViewController, pagingItemAt index: Int) -> PagingItem {
        return PagingIndexItem(title: "View \(index)", index: index)

Then you need to set the dataSource property and select the initial item:

let pagingViewController = PagingViewController()
pagingViewController.dataSource = self 0)

Using the data source means Parchment will only allocate view controllers for the currently selected item and any of its siblings. This is a lot more memory efficient than using PagingViewController(viewControllers:) if you have many view controllers.

Read more: Using the data source

Infinite data source

Using PagingViewControllerDataSource means you need to know how many view controllers to display. If you’re creating something like a calendar, the number of view controllers can be infinitely large. In that case you can use the PagingViewControllerInfiniteDataSource protocol:

extension ViewController: PagingViewControllerInfiniteDataSource {
    func pagingViewController(_: PagingViewController, viewControllerFor pagingItem: PagingItem) -> UIViewController {
        return ItemViewController(item: pagingItem)

    func pagingViewController(_: PagingViewController, itemBefore pagingItem: PagingItem) -> PagingItem? {
        guard let item = pagingItem as? Item else { return nil }
        return Item(index: item.index - 1)

    func pagingViewController(_ : PagingViewController, itemAfter pagingItem: PagingItem) -> PagingItem? {
        guard let item = pagingItem as? Item else { return nil }
        return Item(index: item.index + 1)

Then set the infiniteDataSource property and select the initial item:

let pagingViewController = PagingViewController()
pagingViewController.infiniteDataSource = self Item(index: 0))

This pattern is very similar to the UIPageViewControllerDataSource protocol. The main difference is that instead of returning view controllers directly, you have to return an instance conforming to the PagingItem protocol. Parchment will recursively call these methods for the selected PagingItem until the available space is filled up.

Read more: Using the infinite data source

Selecting items

You can select items programatically using:

func select(pagingItem: PagingItem, animated: Bool = false)

Let’s say you want to select the first item:

override func viewDidLoad() {
  if let first = pagingViewController.children.first as? PagingItem { first)

Or if you have set the dateSource property, you can select items based on their index:

func select(index: Int, animated: Bool = false)

Reloading data

You can reload data using this method:

func reloadData()

This will keep the previously selected item if it's still part of the updated data. If not, it will select the first item in the list. It will also reload the view controllers displayed in the page view controller. If you only want to reload the menu items, you can use this method:

func reloadMenu()

Calling reloadData() will not work when using PagingViewControllerInfiniteDataSource, as we then need to know what the initial item should be. In that case you should use this method:

func reloadData(around: PagingItem)

This will mark the given paging item as selected and generate new items around it.


Parchment provides delegate methods for every step of the transition process through the PagingViewControllerDelegate protocol.

protocol PagingViewControllerDelegate: class {

    func pagingViewController(
        _: PagingViewController,
        isScrollingFromItem currentPagingItem: PagingItem,
        toItem upcomingPagingItem: PagingItem?,
        startingViewController: UIViewController,
        destinationViewController: UIViewController?,
        progress: CGFloat)

    func pagingViewController(
        _: PagingViewController,
        willScrollToItem pagingItem: PagingItem,
        startingViewController: UIViewController,
        destinationViewController: UIViewController)

    func pagingViewController(
        _ pagingViewController: PagingViewController,
        didScrollToItem pagingItem: PagingItem,
        startingViewController: UIViewController?,
        destinationViewController: UIViewController,
        transitionSuccessful: Bool)

    func pagingViewController(
        _ pagingViewController: PagingViewController,
        didSelectItem pagingItem: PagingItem)

Size delegate

By default, the size of the menu items is controlled by the menuItemSize property. If you need to control width of each menu item individually you can use the PagingControllerSizeDelegate protocol:

protocol PagingViewControllerSizeDelegate: class {
    func pagingViewController(
        _: PagingViewController,
        widthForPagingItem pagingItem: PagingItem,
        isSelected: Bool) -> CGFloat

Then set the sizeDelegate on the PagingViewController:

let pagingViewController = PagingViewController()
pagingViewController.sizeDelegate = self


Parchment is built to be very flexible. The menu items are displayed using UICollectionView, so they can display pretty much whatever you want. If you need any further customization you can even subclass the collection view layout. All customization is handled by the properties listed below.

Custom cells

To use custom cells you need to subclass PagingCell and register the cell type for a given PagingItem:

let pagingViewController = PagingViewController()
pagingViewController.register(CalendarPagingCell.self, for: CalendarItem.self)

Parchment will then dequeue your custom cell when you return the given PagingItem in your data source. You can register multiple cell types for different PagingItems.


All customization properties are set on PagingViewController:

let pagingViewController = PagingViewController()
pagingViewController.menuItemSize = .fixed(width: 40, height: 40)
pagingViewController.menuItemSpacing = 10

See Options for all customization options.



The size of the menu items. When using sizeDelegate the width will be ignored.

enum PagingMenuItemSize {
  case fixed(width: CGFloat, height: CGFloat)

  // Automatically calculate the size of the menu items based on the
  // cells intrinsic content size. Try to come up with an estimated
  // width that's similar to the expected width of the cells.
  case selfSizing(estimatedWidth: CGFloat, height: CGFloat)

  // Tries to fit all menu items inside the bounds of the screen.
  // If the items can't fit, the items will scroll as normal and
  // set the menu items width to `minWidth`.
  case sizeToFit(minWidth: CGFloat, height: CGFloat)

Default: .sizeToFit(minWidth: 150, height: 40)


The spacing between the menu items.

Default: 0


The horizontal constraints of menu item label.

Default: 20


The insets around all of the menu items.

Default: UIEdgeInsets()


enum PagingMenuHorizontalAlignment {
  case `default`

  // Allows all paging items to be centered within the paging menu
  // when PagingMenuItemSize is .fixed and the sum of the widths
  // of all the paging items are less than the paging menu
  case center

Default: .default


Determine the transition behaviour of menu items while scrolling the content.

enum PagingMenuTransition {
  // Update scroll offset based on how much the content has
  // scrolled. Makes the menu items transition smoothly as you scroll.
  case scrollAlongside

  // Animate the menu item position after a transition has completed.
  case animateAfter

Default: .scrollAlongside


Determine how users can interact with the menu items.

enum PagingMenuInteraction {
  case scrolling
  case swipe
  case none

Default: .scrolling


The class type for collection view layout. Override this if you want to use your own subclass of the layout. Setting this property will initialize the new layout type and update the collection view.

Default: PagingCollectionViewLayout.Type


Determine how the selected menu item should be aligned when it is selected. Effectively the same as the UICollectionViewScrollPosition.

enum PagingSelectedScrollPosition {
  case left
  case right

  // Centers the selected menu item where possible. If the item is
  // to the far left or right, it will not update the scroll position.
  // Effectivly the same as .centeredHorizontally on UIScrollView.
  case preferCentered

Default: .preferCentered


Add an indicator view to the selected menu item. The indicator width will be equal to the selected menu items width. Insets only apply horizontally.

enum PagingIndicatorOptions {
  case hidden
  case visible(
    height: CGFloat,
    zIndex: Int,
    spacing: UIEdgeInsets,
    insets: UIEdgeInsets)


  height: 4,
  zIndex: Int.max,
  insets: UIEdgeInsets(top: 0, left: 8, bottom: 0, right: 8))


The class type for the indicator view. Override this if you want your use your own subclass of PagingIndicatorView.

Default: PagingIndicatorView.self


The background color for the indicator view.

Default: UIColor(red: 3/255, green: 125/255, blue: 233/255, alpha: 1)


Add a border at the bottom of the menu items. The border will be as wide as all the menu items. Insets only apply horizontally.

enum PagingBorderOptions {
  case hidden
  case visible(
    height: CGFloat,
    zIndex: Int,
    insets: UIEdgeInsets)


  height: 1,
  zIndex: Int.max - 1,
  insets: UIEdgeInsets(top: 0, left: 8, bottom: 0, right: 8))


The class type for the border view. Override this if you want your use your own subclass of PagingBorderView.

Default: PagingBorderView.self


The background color for the border view.

Default: UIColor(white: 0.9, alpha: 1)


Updates the content inset for the menu items based on the .safeAreaInsets property.

Default: true


The font used for title label on the menu items.

Default: UIFont.systemFont(ofSize: 15, weight: UIFont.Weight.medium)


The font used for title label on the currently selected menu item.

Default: UIFont.systemFont(ofSize: 15, weight: UIFont.Weight.medium)


The color of the title label on the menu items.



The text color for the currently selected menu item.

Default: UIColor(red: 3/255, green: 125/255, blue: 233/255, alpha: 1)


The background color for the menu items.

Default: UIColor.white


The background color for the selected menu item.

Default: UIColor.clear


The background color for the view behind the menu items.

Default: UIColor.white


Parchment will be compatible with the lastest public release of Swift.


  • iOS 12.0+
  • Xcode 14.0+


Parchment is available through CocoaPods. To install it, add the following to your Podfile:

pod 'Parchment', '~> 4.0'

Swift Package Manager

Parchment is available through Swift Package Manager. Add Parchment as a dependency to your Package.swift:

.package(url: "", from: "4.0.0")


Parchment also supports Carthage. To install it, add the following to your Cartfile:

github "rechsteiner/Parchment" ~> 4.0

See this guide for more details on using Carthage.


This can be found in the CHANGELOG file.


Parchment is released under the MIT license. See LICENSE for details.


  • Swift Tools 5.10.0
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Last updated: Sat Jun 15 2024 02:54:04 GMT-0900 (Hawaii-Aleutian Daylight Time)