🎶 A collection of types and functions that enhance the Swift language.


Swift 5.1 CI @pointfreeco

A collection of frameworks to enhance the Swift language.


This library should be considered experimental. If you find its contents useful, please consider maintaining a fork.


import PackageDescription

let package = Package(
  dependencies: [
    .package(url: "https://github.com/pointfreeco/swift-prelude.git", .branch("main")),

Table of Contents


A collection of types and functions to build powerful abstractions and enhance the Swift standard library.


A type to express a value that holds one of two other types.

import Either

let intOrString = Either<Int, String>.left(2)

  .bimap({ $0 + 1 }, { $0 + "!" }) // => .left(3)


A Lens type and a bridge between the lens world and the Swift key path world.

import Optics
import Prelude

struct User {
  var id: Int
  var name: String

let uppercased: (String) -> String = { $0.uppercased() }

let user = User(id: 1, name: "Blob")

  |> \.id .~ 2
  |> \.name %~ uppercased

// => User(2, "BLOB")


The Validation<E, A> type is a type similar to Result<E, A>, except it is given a different applicative instance in the case that E is a semigroup. This allows you to accumulate multiple errors into E instead of just taking the first error:

import Prelude
import ValidationSemigroup

struct User { let name: String; let bio: String; let email: String }
let createUser = { name in { bio in { email in User(name: name, bio: bio, email: email) } } }

func validate(name: String) -> Validation<[String], String> {
  return !name.isEmpty
    ? pure(name)
    : .invalid(["Name must be at least 1 character."])

func validate(bio: String) -> Validation<[String], String> {
  return bio.count <= 10
    ? pure(bio)
    : .invalid(["Bio must 10 characters or less."])

func validate(email: String) -> Validation<[String], String> {
  return email.contains("@")
    ? pure(email)
    : .invalid(["Email must be valid."])

let validUser = pure(createUser)
  <*> validate(name: "Blob")
  <*> validate(bio: "I'm a blob")
  <*> validate(email: "blob@pointfree.co")
// => .valid(User(name: "Blob", bio: "I'm a blob", email: "blob@pointfree.co"))

let invalidUser = pure(createUser)
  <*> validate(name: "Blob")
  <*> validate(bio: "Blobbin around the world")
  <*> validate(email: "blob")
// => .invalid(["Bio must 10 characters or less.", "Email must be valid."])

For more information, watch Stephen Celis’ talk.


This Validation<E, A> type is a type similar to Result<E, A> and the above Validation, except it is given a different applicative instance in the case that E is a NearSemiring. This allows you to accumulate errors that describe conditions that hold with both “and” and “or”, e.g. name is required and either email or phone is required.


All modules are released under the MIT license. See LICENSE for details.


  • Swift Tools 5.7.0
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Last updated: Sat May 25 2024 15:55:24 GMT-0900 (Hawaii-Aleutian Daylight Time)