What's New

Release 0.4.0


SSL/Certificate pinning rebuilt, ease-of-use improvements

alt [version] alt spm available alt cocoapods available alt carthage unavailable


Meet Snowdrop - type-safe, easy to use framework powered by Swift Macros created to let you build and maintain complex network requests with ease.



Snowdrop is available via SPM. It works with iOS Deployment Target has to be 14.0 or newer. If you code for macOS, your Deployment Target has to be 11 or newer.

Key Functionalities

  • Type-safe service creation with @Service macro
  • Support for various request method types such as
    • @GET
    • @POST
    • @PUT
    • @DELETE
    • @PATCH
    • @CONNECT
    • @HEAD
    • @OPTIONS
    • @QUERY
    • @TRACE
  • SSL/Certificate pinning
  • Interceptors
  • Mockable

Basic Usage

Service Declaration

Creating network services with Snowdrop is really easy. Just declare a protocol along with its functions.

protocol MyEndpoint {

    @GET(url: "/posts")
    @Headers(["X-DeviceID": "testSim001"])
    func getAllPosts() async throws -> [Post]

If your request includes some dynamic values, such as id, you can add it to your path wrapping it with {}. Snowdrop will automatically bind your function declaration's arguments with those you include in request's path.

@GET(url: "/posts/{id}")
func getPost(id: Int) async throws -> Post

Request Execution

Upon expanding macros, Snowdrop creates a class MyEndpointService which implements MyEndpoint protocol and generates all the functions you declared.

class MyEndpointService: MyEndpoint {
    func getAllPosts() async throws -> [Post] {
        // auto-generated body
    func getPost(id: Int) async throws -> Post {
        // auto-generated body

To send requests, just initialize MyEndpointService instance and call function corresponding to the request you want to execute.

let service = MyEndpointService(baseUrl: URL(string: "https://my-endpoint.com")!)
let post = try await getPost(id: 7)

Advanced Usage

Default JSON Decoder

If you need to change default json decoder, you can set your own decoder when creating an instance of your service.

let decoder = CustomJSONDecoder()
let service = MyEndpointService(baseUrl: URL(string: "https://my-endpoint.com")!, decoder: decoder)

SSL/Certificate Pinning

Snowdrop offers SSL/Certificate pinning functionality when executing network requests. You can turn it on/off when creating an instance of your service. You can also determine urls that should be excluded from pinning.

let service = MyEndpointService(baseUrl: URL(string: "https://my-endpoint.com")!, pinningMode: .ssl, urlsExcludedFromPinning: ["https://my-endpoint.com/about"])

Body Argument

If you want to put some encodable object as a body of your request, you can either put it in your declaration as "body" argument or - if you want to use another name - use @Body macro like:

@POST(url: "/posts")
func addPost(model: Post) async throws -> Data

File Upload

If you want to declare service's function that sends some file to the server as multipart/form-data, use @FileUpload macro. It'll automatically add Content-Type: multipart/form-data to the request's headers and extend the list of your function's arguments with _payloadDescription: PayloadDescription which you should then use to provide information such as name, fileName and mimeType. For mime types such as jpeg, png, gif, tiff, pdf, vnd, plain, octetStream, you don't have to provide PayloadDescription. Snowdrop can automatically recognize them and create PayloadDescription for you.

protocol MyEndpoint {

    @POST(url: "/uploadAvatar/")
    func uploadImage(_ image: UIImage) async throws -> Data

let payload = PayloadDescription(name: "avatar", fileName: "filename.jpeg", mimeType: "image/jpeg")
let service = MyEndpointService(baseUrl: URL(string: "https://my-endpoint.com")!)
_ = try await service.uploadImage(someImage, _payloadDescription: payload)

Query Parameters

Upon expanding macros, Snowdrop adds argument _queryItems: [QueryItem] to every service's function. For dynamic query parameters it's recommended to pass them using this argument like:

protocol MyEndpoint {

    @GET(url: "/posts/{id}")
    func getPost(id: Int) async throws -> Post

let authorName = "John Smith"
let service = MyEndpointService(baseUrl: URL(string: "https://my-endpoint.com")!)
let post = try await service.getPost(id: 7, _queryItems: [.init(key: "author", value: authorName)])

Arguments' Default Values

Snowdrop allows you to define custom values for your arguments. Let's say your path includes {id} argument. As you already know by now, Snowdrop automatically associates it with id argument of your func declaration. If you want it to have default value equal "3", do it like: {id=3}. Be careful though as Snowdrop won't check if your default value's type conforms to the declaration.
When inserting String default values such as {name="Some name"}, it is strongly recommended to use Raw String like @GET(url: #"/authors/{name="John Smith"}"#).


Each service provides two methods to add interception blocks - addBeforeSendingBlock and addOnResponseBlock. Both accept arguments such as path of type String and block which is closure.

To add addBeforeSendingBlock or addOnResponseBlock for a request with pathVariables, you should use path pattern. That means, regardless if your path is like "my/path/{id}/content" or "my/path/{id=4}/content" - you should provide it like:

service.addBeforeSendingBlock(for: "my/path/{id}/content") { urlRequest in
    // some operations
    return urlRequest

To add addBeforeSendingBlock or addOnResponseBlock for ALL requests, do it like:

service.addOnResponseBlock { data, httpUrlResponse in
    // some operations
    return data

Note that if you add interception block for a certain request path, general interceptors will be ignored.


If you'd like to create mockable version of your service, Snowdrop got you covered. Just add @Mockable macro to your service declaration like

protocol Endpoint {
    func getPosts() async throws -> [Posts]

Snowdrop will automatically create a EndpointServiceMock class with all the properties Service should have and additional properties such as getPostsResult to which you can assign value that should be returned.

Sample usage:

func testEmptyArrayResult() async throws {
let mock = EndpointServiceMock(baseUrl: URL(string: "https://some.url")!
mock.getPostsResult = .success([])

let result = try await mock.getPosts()


Note that mocked methods will directly return stubbed result without accessing Snowdrop.Core so your beforeSend and onResponse blocks won't be called.


Retrofit was an inspiration for Snowdrop.


  • Swift Tools 5.9.0
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Last updated: Tue Jun 11 2024 22:45:26 GMT-0900 (Hawaii-Aleutian Daylight Time)