RubyGateway

5.5.0

Embed Ruby in Swift: load Gems, run scripts, call APIs seamlessly in both directions.
johnfairh/RubyGateway

What's New

5.5.0

2024-01-30T20:21:37Z

Enhancements

  • Support Ruby 3.3

RubyGateway

CI codecov Carthage compatible Pod Platforms License

Embed Ruby in Swift: load Gems, run Ruby scripts, invoke APIs seamlessly in both directions.

RubyGateway is a framework built on the Ruby C API that lets Swift programs running on macOS or Linux painlessly and safely run and interact with Ruby programs. It's easy to pass Swift values into Ruby and turn Ruby objects back into Swift types.

RubyGateway lets you call any Ruby method from Swift, including passing Swift closures as blocks. It lets you define Ruby classes and methods that are implemented in Swift.

See CRuby if you are looking for a low-level Ruby C API wrapper.

Examples

Services

Rouge is a code highlighter. In Ruby:

require 'rouge'
html = Rouge.highlight("let a = 3", "swift", "html")
puts(html)

In Swift:

import RubyGateway

try Ruby.require(filename: "rouge")
let html = try Ruby.get("Rouge").call("highlight", args: ["let a = 3", "swift", "html"])
print(html)

Calling Ruby

// Create an object.  Use keyword arguments with initializer
let student = RbObject(ofClass: "Academy::Student", kwArgs: ["name": "barney"])!

// Acess an attribute
print("Name is \(student.get("name"))")

// Fix their name by poking an ivar
try! student.setInstanceVar("@name", newValue: "Barney")

// Get a Swift version of `:reading`
let readingSubject = RbSymbol("reading")

// Call a method with mixed Swift data types
try! student.call("add_score", args: [readingSubject, 30])
try! student.call("add_score", args: [readingSubject, 35])

// Get a result as floating point
let avgScoreObj = try! student.call("mean_score_for_subject", args: [readingSubject])
let avgScore = Double(avgScoreObj)!
print("Mean score is \(avgScore)")

// Pass Swift code as a block
let scores = student.all_scores!
scores.call("each") { args in
    print("Subject: \(args[0]) Score: \(args[1])")
    return .nilObject
}

// Convert to a Swift array
let subjects = Array<String>(student.all_subjects!)
subjectsPopularityDb.submit(subjects: subjects)

Calling Swift

Bound class definition:

class Cell {
    init() {
    }

    func setup(m: RbMethod) throws {
        ...
    }
    
    func getContent(m: RbMethod) throws -> String {
        ...
    }
}

let cellClass = try Ruby.defineClass("Cell", initializer: Cell.init)

try cellClass.defineMethod("initialize",
        argsSpec: RbMethodArgsSpec(mandatoryKeywords: ["width", "height"])
        method: Cell.setup)

try cellClass.defineMethod("content",
        argsSpec: RbMethodArgsSpec(requiresBlock: true),
        method: Cell.getContent)

Called from Ruby:

cell = Cell.new(width: 200, height: 100)
cell.content { |c| prettyprint(c) }

Global variables:

// epochStore.current: Int

Ruby.defineGlobalVar("$epoch",
        get: { epochStore.current },
        set: { epochStore.current = newEpoch })

Global functions:

let logArgsSpec = RbMethodArgsSpec(leadingMandatoryCount: 1,
                                   optionalKeywordValues: ["priority" : 0])
try Ruby.defineGlobalFunction("log",
                              argsSpec: logArgsSpec) { _, method in
    Logger.log(message: String(method.args.mandatory[0]),
               priority: Int(method.args.keyword["priority"]!))
    return .nilObject
}

Calls from Ruby:

log(object_to_log)
log(object2_to_log, priority: 2)

Documentation

Requirements

  • Swift 5.9 or later, from swift.org or Xcode 15.3+
  • macOS (tested on 14.1) or Linux (tested on Ubuntu Jammy)
  • Ruby 2.6 or later including development files:
    • For macOS, these come with Xcode.
    • For Linux you may need to install a -dev package depending on how your Ruby is installed.
    • RubyGateway requires 'original' MRI/CRuby Ruby - no JRuby/Rubinius/etc.

Installation

For macOS, if you are happy to use the system Ruby then you just need to include the RubyGateway framework as a dependency. If you are building on Linux or want to use a different Ruby then you also need to configure CRuby.

Getting the framework

Carthage for macOS:

github "johnfairh/RubyGateway"

Swift package manager for macOS or Linux:

.package(url: "https://github.com/johnfairh/RubyGateway", from: "5.5.0")

CocoaPods for macOS:

pod 'RubyGateway'

Configuring CRuby

CRuby is the glue between RubyGateway and your Ruby installation. It is a separate github project but RubyGateway includes it as submodule so you do not install or require it separately.

By default it points to the macOS system Ruby. Follow the CRuby usage instructions to change this. For example on Ubuntu 18 using rbenv Ruby 3:

mkdir MyProject && cd MyProject
swift package init --type executable
vi Package.swift
# add RubyGateway as a package dependency (NOT CRuby)
# add RubyGateway as a target dependency
echo "import RubyGateway; print(Ruby.versionDescription)" > Sources/MyProject/main.swift
swift package update
swift package edit CRuby
Packages/CRuby/cfg-cruby --mode rbenv --name 3.0.0
PKG_CONFIG_PATH=$(pwd)/Packages/CRuby:$PKG_CONFIG_PATH swift run

Contributions

Welcome: open an issue / johnfairh@gmail.com / @johnfairh@mastodon.social

License

Distributed under the MIT license.

Description

  • Swift Tools 5.9.0
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Dependencies

Last updated: Wed Jun 26 2024 18:56:51 GMT-0900 (Hawaii-Aleutian Daylight Time)