Solver for the inverse geodesic problem in Swift.
The inverse geodesic problem must be solved to compute the distance between two points on an oblate spheroid, or ellipsoid in general. The generalization to ellipsoids, which are not oblate spheroids is not further considered here, hence the term ellipsoid will be used synonymous with oblate spheroid.
The distance between two points is also known as the Vincenty distance.
Here is an example to compute the distance between two points (the poles in this case) on the WGS 84 ellipsoid.
import geodesic let d = distance((lat: Double.pi / 2,lon: 0), (lat: -Double.pi / 2, lon: 0))
and that's it.
Table of Contents
- Implementation Details
- Convergence and Tolerance
- WGS 84 and other Ellipsoids
- Known Issues
clang-3.6 is required. On linux one might need to install it explicitly. There are no dependencies on macOS.
Swift Package Manager
let package = Package( dependencies: [ .package(url: "https://github.com/dastrobu/geodesic.git", from: "1.2.0"), ] )
This Swift package is a wrapper for the C library for Geodesics. The author of this library is Charles Karney ( firstname.lastname@example.org). The goal of this Swift package is to make some algorithms from GeographicLib available to the Swift world. Alternatively one can employ the package vincenty which is a much simpler solver for the inverse geodesic problem, completely written in Swift. Vincenty's formulae does, however, have some convergence problems in rare cases and may not give the same accuracy as Karney's algorithm.
Convergence and Tolerance
The computation does always converge and is said to compute up to machine precision. See documentation of GeographicLib for details.
WGS 84 and other Ellipsoids
By default the WGS 84 ellipsoid is employed, but different parameters can be specified, e.g. for the GRS 80 ellipsoid.
distance((lat: Double.pi / 2, lon: 0), (lat: -Double.pi / 2, lon: 0), ellipsoid (a: 6378137.0, f: 1/298.257222100882711))
- Compilation with gcc on Linux does not work.
swift buildfails. No problems with clang on Linux.