Foundation-oriented Swift wrapper for zlib

What's New

Convert to dynamic framework




This package wraps file & data compression behavior available in zlib with Swift wrappers written to feel at home with the Foundation module. No UnsafePointers, no file descriptors, no String paths. This behavior is available in 3 levels:

  • Working with Data. Behavior is designed to work with data small enough to be entirely loaded in RAM, but is optimized to read mapped Data.

  • Working with files at URLs, use the FileManager extensions. Methods are provided for compressing a directory into a file

  • Representing a .zip or .tar.gz file as an in-ram file/folder structure with ZipDirectoryWrapping (similar to a directory FileWrapper). Individual files in the .zip file conform to DataWrapping (a SwiftPatterns protocol similar to Foundation's FileWrapper). For .zip files, each individual file is not decompressed until it is accessed.


Rudimentary .zip file opening, reading, and inflate have been implemented. Optimized file writing is not implemented.

.gzip read has been implemented.


Compress or uncompress a Data with .compressed(using:progress:) (or .decompressed(using:progress:)), optionally choosing to use .gzip instead of .deflate.

Data compression with .deflate does not generate a header., and decompression works on the stream after the header. Data compression with gzip generates a header, suitable for wrapping, and requires the wrapper when uncompressing.


To decompress a number of existing files, use FileManager.

func decompress(item:, with:, into:progress:)

which opens a compressed file and expands its contents into the supplied directory.

Compressed on disk / file/folder in RAM

For file formats which exist as zipped on disk, but structured file/folders in RAM, something akin to "zipped" FileWrapper would be nice. FileWrapper has a design problem: both directories and regular files are the same class, meaning the API's are not compilar-enforced. Using the SerializedResourceWrapping protocol from the SwiftPatterns module, this module introduces the ZipDirectoryWrapping class, which conforms to the SubResourceWrapping protocol. You can browse it similarly to a directory FileWrapper, but individual files (which conform to DataWrapping) are not decompressed until you access the .contents property on them (for .zip files).


Data methods access data in page-sized groups to reduce dirty memory footprint, but no optimization is made for the output data. You should only use this for data you know to be useful in memory.

Not yet implemented: FileManager methods make use of the page-size mapping of Data, and FileHandles to write as if it were a stream.


There are many corners with compression. If you'd like to contribute, fork it, write it, and make a PR.

Here are some non-goals:

  • Supporting more CRC. Detecting error storage/transmission errors should be provided by the data storage & transmision layer. It is not suitable for the internal contents of a file.

  • Supporting encryption. Nowadays, encryption is facilitated by the device for the filesystem as a whole. It is not suitable for the internal contents of a file, except under exceptional cirucmstances.


  • Swift Tools 5.3.0
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Last updated: Tue Sep 14 2021 22:47:15 GMT-0500 (GMT-05:00)