Welcome to Emcee project, an ultimate solution for running iOS tests in parallel locally and across many Macs.
Emcee allows you to run UI tests on many physical machines, distributing the work and getting the results of the test run faster. Shared queue manages the order of test execution. Emcee workers execute tests and maintain lifecycle of their simulators automatically. Emcee can generate the Junit and trace reports to make you see how the test run behaved on different machines.
Rich test plans using simple JSON file format
Automatic simulator lifecycle management
Per-test timeouts, simulator settings, environment variables
Single test queue to run tests from multiple parallel pull requests
Prioritized jobs and job groups for different kinds of test runs
Load balancing of worker machines to achieve optimal parallelization performance
On-the-go maintenance of the workers
Integration into existing test management systems via plugins
Easy to use command line interface
Rich test discovery mechanism
Swift Package for using and extending Emcee the way you want
In this guide will demonstrate how to use Emcee. We will use two MacOS machines to run unit and UI tests from a sample project. You can also use a single machine to try out Emcee to see if it works for your project. In this case, a single machine will act as a
queue and a
worker simultaneously. Alternatively, you can scale this guide to as many machines as you have.
If you encounter any issues while proceeding through the guide, please open an issue or reach out via https://t.me/emcee_ios.
Table of contents
- Setting up machines
- Building the sample project
- Running tests using Emcee
- Advanced Emcee configuration
You will need to grant SSH access to your machines.
Expand to see how to set up your machines.
We will be using two machines:
ios-build-machine77will be a worker and a queue - it will provide workers with tests to execute and execute some of those tests.
ios-build-machine78will be a worker - it will only execute tests.
Both machines are set up with a standard non-administrator user
emcee and a
Install Xcode and
sudo xcode-select --switch /Applications/Xcode.app on all of your machines.
We will use
Xcode 13.0 (13A233) and the
iOS 15.0 simulator runtime bundled with this Xcode. If you want to use a specific version of simulator runtime, proceed to
Xcode -> Preferences... -> Components -> Simulators and install the runtime on all the worker machines, where you want the tests to execute with the specific runtime version.
Emcee uses ssh to deploy itself to the machines specified as
workers. Enable SSH in your
System Preferences -> Sharing -> Remote Login. To open this pane execute:
$ open "x-apple.systempreferences:com.apple.preferences.sharing?Services_RemoteLogin"
Now make sure that machines are accessible by ssh. For example:
If your machines are not accessible by DNS, use their IP addresses instead. You can check IP address in
System Preferences -> Sharing. Please note IP addresses may change over time. To open this pane execute:
$ open "x-apple.systempreferences:com.apple.preferences.sharing"
In this step, we will build a sample project that features different types of tests. Xcode and
xcodebuild will produce build artifacts in derived data.
Expand to see how to build the sample project for testing purposes.
You can run this step from either machine. Clone the sample project:
cd ~ git clone https://github.com/avito-tech/Emcee.git cd Emcee/Samples/EmceeSample
To build the project, create a simulator:
xcrun simctl create '15.0' 'iPhone X' 'iOS15.0'
Now run xcodebuild:
xcodebuild build-for-testing \ -project EmceeSample.xcodeproj \ -destination "platform=iOS Simulator,name=15.0,OS=15.0" \ -scheme AllTests \ -derivedDataPath derivedData
Xcodebuild will place the build products in:
Now that the machines are ready, and the project is built, download Emcee on the same machine where you built the project by running:
curl -L https://github.com/avito-tech/Emcee/releases/download/16.0.0/Emcee -o Emcee && chmod +x Emcee
If you download Emcee using a browser you will need to clear attributes and set the executable bit:
xattr -c Emcee && chmod +x Emcee
With Emcee installed it is finally time to run the tests. The sample project includes 3 test types:
- Tests that don't require a host application
- Tests that require a host application
- XCUI tests
Let's first run tests that don't require a host application. We will be using the
./Emcee runTests \ --queue ssh://emcee:qwerty@ios-build-machine77 \ --worker ssh://emcee:qwerty@ios-build-machine77 \ --worker ssh://emcee:qwerty@ios-build-machine78 \ --device "iPhone X" \ --runtime "15.0" \ --test-bundle derivedData/Build/Products/Debug-iphonesimulator/EmceeSampleTestsWithoutHost.xctest \ --junit tests_without_host_junit.xml
Here is what these options stand for:
--queue- is a URL of a machine that will serve workers with tests
--worker- is a URL of a machine that will execute tests that it queries from the
--runtime- are options that specify which simulators will run the tests
--test-bundle- is a path to the xctest bundle
--junit- is a path to the JUnit xml that will contain the result of the test run
You can find more about all options accepted by
runTests and how to specify them using
Emcee runTests -h.
After the test finishes, Emcee will create a
tests_without_host_junit.xml file. The JUnit report contains four
testcase entries matching the four test methods from the
EmceeSampleTestsWithoutHost.xctest test bundle.
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <testsuites name="xctest" tests="4" failures="1"> <testsuite name="EmceeSampleTestsWithoutHost" tests="4" failures="1"> <testcase classname="EmceeSampleTestsWithoutHost" name="test_0___from_tests_without_host___that_always_succeeds" timestamp="2021-12-29T01:15:16+03:00" time="0.012196063995361328"></testcase> <testcase classname="EmceeSampleTestsWithoutHost" name="test_1___from_tests_without_host___that_always_succeeds" timestamp="2021-12-29T01:15:27+03:00" time="0.02156198024749756"></testcase> <testcase classname="EmceeSampleTestsWithoutHost" name="test_2___from_tests_without_host___that_always_succeeds" timestamp="2021-12-29T01:15:36+03:00" time="0.021990060806274414"></testcase> <testcase classname="EmceeSampleTestsWithoutHost" name="test___from_tests_without_host___that_always_fails" timestamp="2021-12-29T01:15:31+03:00" time="0.1255110502243042"> <failure message="failed - Failure from tests without host">/Users/emcee/Emcee/SampleProject/EmceeSampleTestsWithoutHost/EmceeSampleTestsWithoutHost.swift:17</failure> <failure message="failed - Failure from tests without host">/Users/emcee/Emcee/SampleProject/EmceeSampleTestsWithoutHost/EmceeSampleTestsWithoutHost.swift:17</failure> </testcase> </testsuite> </testsuites>
For a more sophisticated test reporting mechanism such as Allure, check out the Plugins documentation.
Now let's try running tests that require a host application. Host application path is specified using the
--app option. For example:
./Emcee runTests \ --queue ssh://emcee:qwerty@ios-build-machine77 \ --worker ssh://emcee:qwerty@ios-build-machine77 \ --worker ssh://emcee:qwerty@ios-build-machine78 \ --device "iPhone X" \ --runtime "15.0" \ --app derivedData/Build/Products/Debug-iphonesimulator/EmceeSample.app \ --test-bundle derivedData/Build/Products/Debug-iphonesimulator/EmceeSample.app/PlugIns/EmceeSampleHostedTests.xctest \ --junit tests_with_host_junit.xml
To get a visual confirmation that Emcee is running the tests, you can open the Simulator app on the worker machines:
open "$(xcode-select -p)"/Applications/Simulator.app
Finally, we will run XCUI tests by adding a
--runner option and changing the
--test-bundle option to the XCUI test bundle:
./Emcee runTests \ --queue ssh://emcee:qwerty@ios-build-machine77 \ --worker ssh://emcee:qwerty@ios-build-machine77 \ --worker ssh://emcee:qwerty@ios-build-machine78 \ --device "iPhone X" \ --runtime "15.0" \ --runner derivedData/Build/Products/Debug-iphonesimulator/EmceeSampleUITests-Runner.app \ --app derivedData/Build/Products/Debug-iphonesimulator/EmceeSample.app \ --test-bundle derivedData/Build/Products/Debug-iphonesimulator/EmceeSampleUITests-Runner.app/PlugIns/EmceeSampleUITests.xctest \ --junit ui_tests_junit.xml
This is how the test run will look:
Complete documentation is available in our Wiki.
runTests command allows you to get Emcee up and running quickly; however, it doesn't allow for a lot of configuration. On the other hand,
runTestsOnRemoteQueue command allows for fine-grained control of how your tests execute. To get started with
runTestsOnRemoteQueue check out the Queue Server Configuration and Test Arg File wiki pages.
- Emcee — Open Source Tool for iOS UI Testing Infrastructure @ Medium
- NSSpain 2018: UI Testing Infrastructure in Avito @ Vimeo
Getting Around the Code
Emcee uses Swift Package Manager for building, testing and exposing the Swift packages.
To start exploring code open
Package.swift in Xcode 13 or execute
make open to generate and open Xcode project.
We are happy to accept your pull requests. If something does not work for you, please let us know by submitting an issue. Read the docs and suggest improvements to them as well!
General commands that help you with a development workflow:
- To open a package in Xcode:
- To generate
- To build the binary into
- To run unit tests:
Package.swift file is generated automatically. You must update it before submitting a pull request (run
make package). CI checks will fail if you forget to do so.