swift-distributed-tracing-extras

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apple/swift-distributed-tracing-extras

Swift Distributed Tracing Extras

Modules

Swift Distributed Tracing Extras ships the following extra modules:

OpenTelemetry Semantic Conventions

Getting Started

This module is complementary to swift-distributed-tracing so you will want to depend on it (the API package).

Then, you can depend on the extras package:

.package(url: "https://github.com/apple/swift-distributed-tracing.git", from: "..."),
.package(url: "https://github.com/apple/swift-distributed-tracing-extras.git", from: "..."),

If you are writing an application, rather than a library, you'll also want to depend on a specific tracer implementation. For available implementations refer to the swift-distributed-tracing README.md.

Usage

The OpenTelemetry Semantic Conventions package provides span attributes to work with OpenTelemetry's semantic conventions.

Semantic attributes enable users of swift-distributed-tracing to set attributes on spans using a type-safe pre-defined and well known attributes, like this:

import Tracing
import TracingOpenTelemetrySemanticConventions

// Example framework code, which handles an incoming request and starts a span for handling a request:
func wrapHandleRequest(exampleRequest: ExampleHTTPRequest) async throws -> ExampleHTTPResponse {
    try await InstrumentationSystem.tracer.withSpan(named: "test") { span in

        // Set semantic HTTP attributes before
        span.attributes.http.method = exampleRequest.method
        span.attributes.http.url = exampleRequest.url
        // ...

        // Hand off to user code to handle the request;
        // The current span already has all important semantic attributes set.
        let response = try await actualHandleRequest(exampleRequest: exampleRequest)

        // ... set any response attributes ... 
        
        return response
    }
}

You can also read attributes that are set on a span using the same property syntax:

assert(span.attributes.http.method == "GET")
// etc.

Without the semantic attributes package, one would be able to set the attributes using a type-unsafe approach, like this:

span.attributes["http.method"] = "\(exampleRequest.method)"
span.attributes["http.url"] = "\(exampleRequest.url)"

however this approach is error-prone as one can accidentally record not quite the right type of value, or accidentally use a wrong, unexpected, key that would then not be understood by Otel tracing backends.

Supported versions

This module supports: Swift 5.4+, on all platforms Swift is available.

Description

  • Swift Tools 5.6.0
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Dependencies

Last updated: Sat Apr 20 2024 21:02:46 GMT-0900 (Hawaii-Aleutian Daylight Time)