The Swift GraphQL Schema framework for macOS and Linux

What's New

1.5.0 - Luxor


What's Changed

Full Changelog: 1.4.0...1.5.0


Graphiti is a Swift library for building GraphQL schemas fast, safely and easily.

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Looking for help? Find resources from the community.

Getting Started

An overview of GraphQL in general is available in the README for the Specification for GraphQL. That overview describes a simple set of GraphQL examples that exist as tests in this repository. A good way to get started with this repository is to walk through that README and the corresponding tests in parallel.

Using Graphiti

Add Graphiti to your Package.swift

import PackageDescription

let package = Package(
    dependencies: [
        .package(url: "", .upToNextMinor(from: "0.20.1")),

Graphiti provides two important capabilities: building a type schema, and serving queries against that type schema.

Defining entities

First, we declare our regular Swift entities.

struct Message : Codable {
    let content: String

⭐️ One of the main design decisions behind Graphiti is not to polute your entities declarations. This way you can bring your entities to any other solution with ease.

Defining the context

Second step is to create your application's context. The context will be passed to all of your field resolver functions. This allows you to apply dependency injection to your API. This is the place where you can put code that talks to a database or another service.

struct Context {
    func message() -> Message {
        Message(content: "Hello, world!")

⭐️ Notice again that this step doesn't require Graphiti. It's purely business logic.

Defining the GraphQL API resolver

Now that we have our entities and context we can create the GraphQL API resolver.

import Graphiti

struct Resolver {
    func message(context: Context, arguments: NoArguments) -> Message {

Defining the GraphQL API schema

Now we can finally define the GraphQL API with its schema.

struct MessageAPI : API {
    let resolver: Resolver
    let schema: Schema<Resolver, Context>
let api = MessageAPI(
    resolver: Resolver()
    schema: try! Schema<Resolver, Context> {
        Type(Message.self) {
            Field("content", at: \.content)

        Query {
            Field("message", at: Resolver.message)

Schemas may also be created in a modular way using SchemaBuilder:

let builder = SchemaBuilder(Resolver.self, Context.self)
    Type(Message.self) {
        Field("content", at: \.content)
    Field("message", at: Resolver.message)
let schema = try

let api = MessageAPI(
    resolver: Resolver()
    schema: schema

⭐️ Notice that API allows dependency injection. You could pass mocks of resolver and context when testing, for example.


To query the schema we need to pass in a NIO EventLoopGroup to feed the execute function alongside the query itself.

import NIO

let group = MultiThreadedEventLoopGroup(numberOfThreads: System.coreCount)
defer {
    try? group.syncShutdownGracefully()

    request: "{ message { content } }",
    context: Context(),
    on: group
).whenSuccess { result in

The output will be:

{"data":{"message":{"content":"Hello, world!"}}}

API.execute returns a GraphQLResult which adopts Encodable. You can use it with a JSONEncoder to send the response back to the client using JSON.

Async resolvers

To use async resolvers, just add one more parameter with type EventLoopGroup to the resolver function and change the return type to EventLoopFuture<YouReturnType>. Don't forget to import NIO.

import NIO

struct Resolver {
    func message(context: Context, arguments: NoArguments, group: EventLoopGroup) -> EventLoopFuture<Message> {


This library supports GraphQL subscriptions, and supports them through the Swift Concurrency AsyncThrowingStream type. See the Usage Guide for details.

If you are unable to use Swift Concurrency, you must create a concrete subclass of the EventStream class that implements event streaming functionality. If you don't feel like creating a subclass yourself, you can use the GraphQLRxSwift repository to integrate RxSwift observables out-of-the-box. Or you can use that repository as a reference to connect a different stream library like ReactiveSwift, OpenCombine, or one that you've created yourself.

Additional Examples

For a progressive walkthrough, see the Usage Guide. The Star Wars API provides a fairly complete example.


This repo uses SwiftFormat, and includes lint checks to enforce these formatting standards. To format your code, install swiftformat and run:

swiftformat .


This project is released under the MIT license. See LICENSE for details.


  • Swift Tools 5.4.0
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Last updated: Wed Feb 08 2023 14:20:18 GMT-0500 (GMT-05:00)