Adapting to changes in network connectivity can allow for suspending or resuming network activity. When entering an elevator or going through a tunnel our devices typically lose connectivity completely. We also move out of range of WiFi and transition to a cellular connection. Apple's Network Framework includes NWPathMonitor which provides updates in response to changes to NWPath. This framework was introduced in 2018 and is a modern replacement to SCNetworkReachability, simply known as the Reachability API which does not support many of the features supported by modern network protocols such as WiFi 6 and 5G.
For apps which still support older OS versions it is necessary to use Reachability while most users are able to use the Network framework. This package automatically users the API which is available based on the OS version.
See: Introduction to Network.framework
This package includes
ConnectivityMonitor which internally uses
ReachabilityMonitor which are simply available as
AnyConnectivityMonitor. For recent OS versions of iOS, macOS, tvOS and watchOS the
NetworkMonitor will be used. For earlier versions
ReachabilityMonitor will be used.
Simply call the
start function and provide a path handler to get updates. Call the
cancel function to discontinue monitoring.
Support for Combine is provided by
ConnectivityObserver which has the same
cancel functions as
ConnectivityMonitor but it returns
AnyPublisher. It can be used to observe path changes.
This project is set up as a Swift Package which can be used by the Swift Package Manager (SPM) with Xcode. In your
Package.swift add this package with the code below.
dependencies: [ .package(url: "https://github.com/brennanMKE/ConnectivityKit", from: "1.0.0"), ],
Supporting iOS 10.0 and Later
Since this package automatically handles the selection of the implementation your code can just use
ConnectivityMonitor to get updates to the network path. The Reachability API comes from the System Configuration Framework which is available for all of Apple's platforms except watchOS. The implementation for the
ReachabilityMonitor will get an empty implementation for watchOS prior to watchOS 6.0 which is when Network Framework was first made available to watchOS.
If your Deployment Target for any of Apple's platforms supports Network Framework then it will always use the modern implementation. This package will allow you to use the same code across all platforms and respond to changes to network connectivity.