The lightweight & delightful networking library.

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The lightweight & delightful networking library.

Atom is a wrapper library built around a subset of features offered by URLSession with added ability to decode data into models, handle access token refresh and authorization headers on behalf of the client, and more. It takes advantage of Swift features such as default implementation for protocols, generics and Decodable to make it extremely easy to integrate and use in an existing project. Atom offers support for any endpoint, a much stricter URL host and path validation, comprehensive documentation and an example application to eliminate any guesswork.


  • Simple to setup, easy to use & efficient
  • Supports any endpoint
  • Supports Combine publishers
  • Supports Multipath TCP configuration
  • Handles object decoding from data returned by the service
  • Handles token refresh
  • Handles and applies authorization headers on behalf of the client
  • Handles URL host validation
  • Handles URL path validation
  • Complete Documentation


  • iOS 12.0+
  • Xcode 12.0+
  • Swift 5.0+


Swift Package Manager

The Swift Package Manager is a tool for automating the distribution of Swift code and is integrated into the swift compiler.

Once you have your Swift package set up, adding Atom as a dependency is as easy as adding it to the dependencies value of your Package.swift.

If you are using Xcode, adding Atom as a dependency is even easier. First, select your application, then your application project. Once you see Swift Packages tab at the top of the Project Editor, click on it. Click + button and add the following URL:

At this point you can setup your project to either use a branch or tagged version of the package.


Getting started is easy. First, create an instance of Atom.

let atom = Atom()

In the above example, default configuration will be used. Default configuration will setup URLSessionto use ephemeral configuration as well as ensure that the data returned by the service is available on the main thread.

Any endpoint needs to conform and implement Requestable protocol. The Requestable protocol provides default implementation for all of its properties - except for the func baseURL() throws -> BaseURL. See documentation for more information.

extension Seatmap {
    enum Endpoint: Requestable {
        case refresh

        func baseURL() throws -> BaseURL {
            try BaseURL(host: "")

Atom offers a handful of methods with support for fully decoded model objects, raw data, or status indicating success / failure of a request.

// Completion based.

typealias Endpoint = Seatmap.Endpoint

atom.enqueue(Endpoint.refresh).resume(expecting: Seatmap.self) { result in
    switch result {
        case .failure(let error):
        // Handle error.

        case .success(let seatmap):
        // Handle seatmap model.

// Publisher based.

    .resume(expecting: Seatmap.self)
    .sink { completion in
    	// Handle `AtomError`.
    } receiveValue: { seatmap in
	// Handle decoded `Seatmap` instance.
    .store(in: &cancelables)

The above example demonstrates how to use resume(expecting:) function to get a fully decoded Seatmap model object.

For more information, please see documentation.


Atom can be configured to apply authorization headers on behalf of the client.

Atom supports Basic and Bearer authentication methods. When configured properly, Atom will perform automatic token refresh on behalf of the client if it determines that the access token being used has expired. Any in-flight calls will be enqueued and resumed once a new token is obtained.

If the token refresh call fails, all enqueued network calls will be executed at once with completions set to AtomError failure.


You can configure Atom to apply Basic authorization header like this:

let atom: Atom = {
    let credential = BasicCredential(password: "password", username: "username")
    let basic = AuthenticationMethod.basic(credential)
    let configuration = ServiceConfiguration(authenticationMethod: basic)

    return Atom(serviceConfiguration: configuration)

An existing implementation can be extended by conforming and implementing BasicCredentialConvertible protocol. A hypothetical configuration can look something like this:

final class CredentialManager {
    private(set) var username = String()
    private(set) var password = String()

    static let shared = CredentialManager()
    private init() { }

    func update(username aUsername: String) {
        username = aUsername

    func update(password aPassword: String) {
        password = aPassword

extension CredentialManager: BasicCredentialConvertible {
    var basicCredential: BasicCredential {
        .init(password: password, username: username)

let atom: Atom = {
    let basic = AuthenticationMethod.basic(CredentialManager.shared.basicCredential)
    let configuration = ServiceConfiguration(authenticationMethod: basic)

    return Atom(serviceConfiguration: configuration)

Once configured, Atom will combine username and password into a single string username:password, encode the result using base 64 encoding algorithm and apply it to a request as a Authorization: Basic TGlmZSBoYXMgYSBtZWFuaW5nLg== header key-value.


You can configure Atom to apply Bearer authorization header. Here is an example:

class TokenManager: TokenCredentialWritable {
    var tokenCredential: TokenCredential {
    	// Read values from the keychain.
        get { keychain.tokenCredential() }
        // Save new value to the keychain.  
        set { newValue)  }

let atom: Atom = {
    let endpoint = AuthorizationEndpoint(host: "", path: "/oauth2")
    let clientCredential = ClientCredential(id: "client-id", secret: "client-secret")
    let tokenManager = TokenManager()

    let bearer = AuthenticationMethod.bearer(endpoint, clientCredential, tokenManager)
    let configuration = ServiceConfiguration(authenticationMethod: bearer)

    return Atom(serviceConfiguration: configuration)

The setup is hopefully easy to understand. Atom requires a few pieces of information from the client:

  1. Authorization endpoint - Atom needs to know where to call to get a new token.
  2. Client credentials - Atom needs access to client id and client secret to get a new token.
  3. Token credential writable - Atom will pass newly obtained credentials to a client for safe storage.

Once configured, Atom will apply authorization header to a request as Authorization: Bearer ... header key-value.

Please note, Atom will only decode token credential from a JSON objecting returned in this form:

    "access_token": "2YotnFZFEjr1zCsicMWpAA",
    "expires_in": 3600,
    "refresh_token": "tGzv3JOkF0XG5Qx2TlKWIA"

The above response is in accordance with RFC 6749, section 1.5.

For more information and Atom usage example, please see documentation and the provided Example application.


  • If you found a bug, open an issue.
  • If you have a feature request, open an issue.
  • If you want to contribute, submit a pull request.



  • Swift Tools 5.3.0
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Last updated: Wed Jun 07 2023 01:30:35 GMT-0500 (GMT-05:00)